India makes up 2.4 percent of the world's land, while supporting 16 percent of the world's population. The compounding result is an abominably flawed use of natural resources for numerous decades. Currently, India is undergoing speedy and extensive environmental degradation at frightening rates.
Air pollution, growing water scarcity, water pollution, falling groundwater tables, preservation & quality of forests along with poor management of waste, have lead to environmental degradation, poor public health, loss of biodiversity, loss of resilience in ecosystems and livelihood insecurity for the poor.
Climate change is another challenge with diverse implications through impacts on various sectors such as agriculture, water resources, forestry, energy and infrastructure. No one is immune from climate change but its repercussions hit poor a lot more than anyone else. The human, environmental and financial cost of climate change is fast becoming unbearable. The need is to counter the negative impacts on the natural resources, which is a critical factor for sustenance of livelihood for poor and marginal families.
Humana People to People India has joined hands with people to build sustainable communities which work on reducing dependencies on fossil fuels, supporting local merchants and farmers, encouraging green practices and building cleaner environmentally sustainable lives.
HPPI’s core areas of intervention in environment are:
- Solar Energy: Solar Energy projects of HPPI have reached out to 100 villages across Uttar Pradesh in collaboration with TERI, GAIA and USAID. In 2014 the program has also established 20 solar mini grids, one in each of the 20 model villages in Karahal block of Sheopur district, MP. The mini-grids are providing illumination to 900 households, which facilitate education of children, better illumination, smoke free indoor environment to women for household chores and increased opportunities for livelihood after sunset
- Water Recharge Initiatives: Groundwater recharge and water initiatives have reached out to 68 villages in Alwar District of Rajasthan to fight the imminent problem of land degradation, scarcity of drinking and irrigation water due to depletion of ground water table
- Green Cover Management: HPPI’s Tree Plantation Drive is a response to the substantial climate change and sustainability challenges like water supply and biodiversity loss. More than 8, 50,000 trees have been planted in 2014 alone, involving more than 2, 00,000 people from 62 projects of HPPI across India. This environment awareness drive educates poor farmers regarding the benefits of terrestrial biological diversity, which also plays a vital role in maintaining forest ecology and in turn helps the agricultural process
- Biogas: Financed by UFF Finland and Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, 400 family size Bio Gas plants are being constructed across 100 villages of Dausa. The project aims to work shoulder to shoulder with poor farmers and mobilize the community to meet basic cooking & lighting needs of rural communities and reduce consumption of chemical fertilizer, demand of electric power and carbon footprint of the district along with drudgery of rural women
Humana People to People India works with farmers and communities to develop sound practices that can help avoid further depletion of natural resources, and at the same time improve quality of life.