Humana People to People India announces its empanelment in the list of National Level NGO’s who are authorized to implement CSR projects in the field of Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
According to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation “The aim of the Government is to ensure permanent drinking water facilities along with proper and safe sanitation to all in rural India, considering the guideline principles of portability, reliability, sustainability, convenience, consumers preference, while mobilizing the community actively right from planning stage”.
Unsafe water and poor sanitation have grave repercussions. Women are forced to spend major chunk of their time fetching water. Children especially girls, are denied their fundamental right to education because their schools lack private and hygienic sanitation facilities. Health system is overwhelmed as open defecation behaviour adversely affects health: causing highly credible gastrointestinal illnesses [HCGI], diarrhea and parasitic infections. Productivity and income of farmers and wage earners suffers and national economy is drained. Without intervention in water and sanitation improvement, sustainable development is impossible.
Humana People to People India’s (HPPI) Water & Sanitation (WATSAN) Program, which is a sub-component of HPPI’s Community Development Projects, provides people in impoverished rural and urban areas access to safe and clean drinking water, and improved sanitation in order to reduce water-borne diseases. This dual approach leads to better health and improved economic and educational opportunities. Improved sanitation and supply of safe drinking water are some of the most essential pre-conditions for better health in village communities and families in urban slums.
One of the first larger projects of HPPI on water and sanitation was implemented from 2000 to 2004 in 536 villages in 5 blocks of Alwar District, Rajasthan as part of the Sector Reform Project under the Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission and UNICEF – Rajasthan, and with HPPI in the role of MNGO. The project involved construction of toilets with financial contribution from the beneficiaries, establishment of safe water supply systems (construction of water tanks with pipelines to the households. It also involved the establishment of a Sanitation Park, with mass production of toilet slabs and cement rings for establishment of pit-excavation. Later on HPPI also partnered with UNICEF and PHED Rajasthan in the Rajasthan Integrated Fluorosis Management Project covering 44 villages in Alwar District, where elevated fluoride content has become a threat to public health.
In 2006 HPPI initiated its first project on ground water recharge and soil & water conservation in Behror, Alwar in partnership with International Management Institute as a part of the Challenge Program on Water & Food under CGIAR (Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centres). These technologies involved construction of roof top rainwater harvesting units, ground water recharge in village ponds, recharge systems in dried out dug-wells, and using drip irrigation as water saving cultivation methods. The technologies and lessons learned have been used in several other projects thereafter in Dausa, Bundi, and Alwar Districts of Rajasthan.
Other activities included the use of Eco-San toilet model in flood prone areas of costal districts in Tamil Nadu where HPPI implemented project from 2006 – 09 and introduction of Rope Pump model, a low cost / low technology pump as a method to achieve safe drinking water.
WATSAN projects also implemented low technology, water conservation techniques and trained farmers on water saving and cultivation methods.