Second in the series of workshop on ‘Creative Drama in Education’ was recently organised at Vaishali and Hajipur in Bihar. The participants included 22 NeTT teacher-educators from the 5 DIETs of Patna, Bhojpur, Vaishali, Nalanda and Muzzafarpur. The aim of the workshop was to practice the various elements of arts – particularly the dramatics – reflect upon the learning; and find out the possible application in the DIET classroom with student-teachers.
The workshop explored the application in four areas:
1) Body movements so as to have continuity between mind and body and discovering physical and mental integrity
2) Work on theatre making: developing story and performing it
3) Application of Creative Drama in subject teaching
4) Application of Creative Drama in Perspective building
The participants were divided into four groups to practically learn different segments of this art form.
Arts in Education- Introduction and context building
In the first segment, the participants shared their understanding about Arts in general, and their experiences and learning with dramatic acts and other related practices. It was further consolidated into two major aspects: Drama as Process and Drama as a Product or in other words the pedagogical aspect and the exhibition aspect.
The participants practiced body movements through various kinds of walks and creative games, including numbers and alphabets movement on children song. A reading of ‘Role of body movement– an argument by Tagore’ was discussed and a brief reflection was done.
Frozen Picture/Still images
The teacher-educators practiced making still images and frozen pictures based on Alphabets, Words and Sentences/Sequences. The exercise was done in groups where they had to form the image/picture in limited time. Later, the creating process was deepened through having less direct communication and mostly non-verbal communication. They had to be in ‘Freeze’ position to hold their positions.
Frozen state was a common part in later exercises as well. This is something require to analyze the situation by holding it at a particular moment and reflect or discuss or change the discourse.
Improvisation (On the Spot, Circle & Structured)
Three different types of Improvisations were conducted during the workshop. ‘On the Spot’ was to quickly form a scene around a given situation. The ‘Circle’ improvisation was to make a single scene, contributed by all of the participants. It starts with two participants discussing, developing a scene and holding it. Later other participants join the same scene, one-by-one, being different characters and bringing their own understanding of the scene. The ‘Structured’ was based on given instructions. 4 groups were given four different situations/characters or simply an idea. This exercise was intended to work on story-building and visualization.
Refection & Discussion on how to use these tools
Each experience/exercise was followed by reflection with two aspects of what is the learning and how to apply it.
Imaging your story
Furthering the previous session, the 4 groups were told to find out the story from their own lives, discuss and perform it. Story building & exhibiting them was focused on the idea that they should find a story where there is conflict and that was un-resolved. It was not only about Art of Story-telling through performance but also to talk about the different perspective in a conflicting situation.
Teaching subject through dramatic elements (Example from Social Science)
It was done in some of the exercises through making images/scenes on social concepts, discussing the psycho/social situations and presenting different point of views.
Here the idea was to understand different perspective, how it develops and how it can be influenced. The session started with the ‘Power Game’ where a set of two participants feel the effect of power physically and mentally while being in changing situation of power-shift. It was followed by the performing of conflicting situations and at the extreme level discussing the characters’ thinking and finding out various resolutions of the conflicts.
Feedback and Reflection on the overall Workshop
At the end, participants shared their views about this 3-day workshop in an open house.