Humana People to People India (HPPI) Community Development Program targets to address the problem of food security while promoting sustainable farm-based livelihoods. HPPI implements the Program with an integrated approach to development. HPPI is working with the poor to turn around the environmental degradation cycle in rural communities, thus supporting biodiversity and promoting a model of pro-ecology rural development. HPPI promotes sustainable agriculture and animal husbandry in an integrated farm-based livelihood model. HPPI currently works with 15,000 small and marginal farmers with extended benefits to 90,000 individual rural population through its Livelihood and Community Development projects across Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Over the past 16 years, focused interventions in agriculture, horticulture and livestock management have been undertaken. Such interventions have been designed to improve efficiency in production systems, lower input costs, increase per capita output, and improve food and nutritional security at household level.
The key features of HPPI’s Livelihood & Community Development Program are:
- Organization of farmers in SHGs and Gram Kisan Sanghs
- Increase in wealth of the farmers
- Food and Nutrition security of the farming households
- Sustainable irrigation of farm lands through rain water harvesting and low-water consuming irrigation technologies
- Improvement in farmers’ land quality through sustainable agri-practices practiced by them
- Improved well-being and health of the farmers’ families
HPPI’s Community Development Program use the framework below and focuses on,
- Promotion of grassroots community institutions like SHGs, Farmers’ Clubs and CBOs, for empowering the rural community by mobilizing common savings and inter-loaning, access to formal credit and markets, and various social schemes of the government.
- Promotion of sustainable agricultural practices, organic farming, horticulture, crop management & diversification, livestock management with a focus on dairy farming and goat rearing along with post-harvest technology and entrepreneurship.
- Capacity Building on creating robust backward & forward linkages, value addition of farm produce, skills training for landless rural farmers and youth.
- Improvement in social infrastructures like access to water & sanitation, education, health, and clean energy & environment.
Using the above mentioned framework, HPPI has mobilized communities into 7,500 community groups, including and 500 Gram Kisan Sangh (Village Farmers’ Clubs) since the year 1998. HPPI’s Livelihood & Community Development Program works in the following four areas of rural development interventions,
- Integrated Farm-based Development: Projects under this segment work together with rural women and men farmers, organizing them into SHGs and Gram Kisan Sanghs respectively. The group members receive focused training on sustainable agricultural practices and animal husbandry to improve their productivity, income, and quality of life.
- Rural Community Development: To enable holistic development of villages and its people, the projects under this segment focuses on improving livelihood, Health, Early Childhood Development, Youth related activities, Education, Water & Sanitation, Environment, and strengthening grassroots institutions.
- Skills & Vocational Training: To promote non-farm livelihoods, Skills & Vocational Centres are established in both rural and urban settings, where youth from the poor communities are trained on income generating and vocational skills like Computer Applications, Tailoring, Beautician, Handicrafts, Paper utility box making, Machine Repair, among others. HPPI also plans to develop skills courses on farm techniques to cater to a larger rural youth and develop cadre of trained farmers.
- Biogas for Rural Energy: To improve access and availability of renewable energy for both livelihood and low carbon economy, HPPI promotes financially viable household owned and managed biogas plants in rural Rajasthan and Haryana. The Program mobilizes rural community and organizes them in SHGs, Gram Kisan Sanghs, and Biogas User Groups for long term knowledge sharing and sustainability beyond a project life cycle. Further to construction of effective Biogas units, the groups are trained on sustainable agricultural practices using bio-slurry and livestock feed & disease management that also improves their farm incomes.
Read more about HPPI's Rural Community Devlopment and Livelihood initiatives in Annual Report 2014-15