While India has large young population, only 5% of the Indian labour force in the age group of 20-24 years has obtained vocational skills through formal means. According to Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India, about 63% of the school students drop out at different stages before reaching high school yet there are very few training programs accessible to early drop outs.
Approximately 2.5 million vocational training seats are available in the country whereas about 12.8 million people enter the labour market every year. This significant gap ensures that large number of youth do not have access to skill development for improving their employability. Gauging this need of the local community, especially the youth, who find themselves inept at supporting their family due to absence of any professional skill, Humana People to People India operates various skill development & training programs. These initiatives aim to improve the employability of the working population including school drop-outs, semi-skilled and un-skilled workers.
These programs include basic computer & data entry, mobile repairing, sales representative training, beauty culture training, cutting, tailoring and handicrafts. The projects also organize English speaking courses for the youth to enhance probability of their employment as today’s multi-cultural and multi-lingual work environment uses English as a standardized means of communication. These programs are designed to have high local relevancy and in-built flexibility.
The projects assist the youth in filling job application forms, preparing CVs and conduct mock interviews to groom them for the purpose of an interview. They also organize job fairs to enhance the employment opportunities of the local youth. Last year these job fairs facilitated 62 youth in getting jobs as field officers and salesman.
HPPI skill training programs operate through several Community Development and Livelihood projects reaching out to youth and women of the community. Skill Development Project in Bihar- ‘SHAKSHAM’ is one such project which uses skill development to improve economic status of VOCSETs (Victims of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking) and WAA (Women Affected by AIDS) which in turn facilitates their household economic security and accelerate their rehabilitation. It aims to mainstream victims into formal economic activities and consequently prevent second generation trafficking and HIV transmission. This project has empowered 5,753 women by providing them skill development training and supporting them through financial advancements to start or up-scale their business.
The courses have built the capacity of 2,427 youth to earn a sustainable income by engaging in different professions and contributing to their family. 1,518 women after successfully completing the course are engaged in small-scale commercial enterprises offering tailoring, beautician, handicrafts and other services to native and neighbouring villages and colonies.