In an age of swift transformations, education is experiencing a paradigm shift with focus changing from behavioural to cognitive learning, which requires teachers to take up new roles effectively and meet challenges of educational reforms in teacher education. With the National Curriculum Framework 2005 and the Right to Education Act, India has witnessed a substantial increase in enrolment ratio at primary school level. Several national surveys, however, conclusively suggest that learning outcomes amongst primary school students still remain dismal. This has largely been due to poor quality of training of primary school teachers at various institutions. In most of these institutions, a substantial number of sanctioned posts remain vacant which adversely affect the quality of teacher training programme.

Teachers of the future
Education for all
Morning Assembly

Prarambh School for Teacher Education

Prarambh was established by Haryana Government in 2013 and offers a 4-year integrated Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.), along with a Bachelor in Arts or Science depending on the choice of the individual student-teacher. Since it’s inception HPPI has worked closely with the Department of Education, Haryana, to run Prarambh and provide quality inputs through added programme elements, designed to build a robust skillset in the student-teachers.

With a vision to train teachers that can step beyond the confines of knowledge, pedagogy and content delivery, Prarambh exposes the student-teachers to a number of hands-on experiences in, as well as outside, the classroom. Community investigations and actions, teaching practice and other hands-on experiences are key elements of this training, implemented through HPPI’s DMM methodology (Doctrine of Modern Method), that focus on giving the students the tools to plan, access and navigate their own education.

308 student-teachers are currently undergoing training at the Prarambh institute.

NeTT (Necessary Teacher Training Programme)

NeTT Teacher Training programme is implemented in close cooperation with state governments, offering a pedagogical course framework to transact the two-year D.Ed. (Diploma in Education) curriculum in a way that provides the teachers with hands-on teaching skills. The D.Ed. Diploma will allow the student teachers to teach at Primary School level.

The programme is implemented through DMM, also known as digi-TEACH, transacted through computers and multimedia centres. During the two years training, some of the important programme elements include extensive group work, travelling to learn, investigations and actions in the community and theme based project work.

Presently, the NeTT Programme is operational in 23 government-run teacher training institutes across five states of India, namely Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh. 3,295 student-teachers were successfully trained and graduated through the DMM methodology in the year 2020-21.


Kadam+ is an initiative for quality enhancement of teaching and learning in elementary schools with the aim to improve the learning-levels in School Children. The model has two main approaches, namely 1) provide a learning system (Kadam) that by design provides the students with clear instructions and goal on what they need to learn and how they need to learn it; 2) hands-on training directly in the schools and classrooms, to enable teachers to put the theory into practice.

Kadam+ is currently implemented in extension of NeTT in Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. Each NeTT manages Kadam+ in 10 surrounding schools.